COVID-19: Mathematical Modeling & the Transmission Dynamics of SARS-CoV-2 in Cali, Colombia: Implications to a 2020 Outbreak & public health preparedness
COVID-19 Dynamics in Cali, Colombia
Introduction: As SARS-COV-2 and the disease COVID-19 is sweeping through countries after countries around the globe, it is critical to understand the potential burden of a future outbreak in the cities of Colombia. This pandemic has affected most of the countries in the world because of the high global movement of individuals and excessive cost in interventions.
Objective: Using demographic data from the city of Cali, disease epidemiological information from affected countries and mathematical models, we estimated the rate of the initial exponential growth of new cases and the basic reproductive rate for a potential outbreak in the city of Cali in Colombia.
Materials and methods: We used dynamical models with different modeling assumptions such as the use of various types of interventions and/or epidemiological characteristics to compare and contrast the differences between Colombian cities and between Latin American countries.
Results: Under the assumption of homogeneously mixing population and limited resources, we predicted expected number of infected, hospitalized, in Intensive Care Units (ICU) and deaths during this potential COVID-19 outbreak. Our results suggest that on a given day in Cali there may be up to around 73000 cases who might need hospitalization under no intervention. However, this number drastically reduces if we carry out only-isolation intervention (with 16 days of symptomatic infection; ~13,000 cases) versus both quarantining for 6 days and isolation within 16 days (~3500 cases). The peak in Cali will reach in 2-3 months.
Conclusions. The estimates from these studies provide different scenarios of outbreaks and can help Cali to be better prepared during the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak.