An Agent-Based Model of Santa Cruz Island Foxes (Urocyon littoralis santacruzae) which Exhibits an Allee Effect

  • Shelby M. Scott Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Rhodes College, Memphis TN
  • Erin N. Bodine Department of Mathematics & Computer Science, Rhodes College, Memphis TN
  • Anne Yust Department of Mathematics, Birmingham-Southern College, Birmingham, AL
Keywords: Santa Cruz island fox, agent-based model, Allee effect

Abstract

In the early 1990s, the island of Santa Cruz off the coast of California experienced a rapid decline of the canid Urocyon littoralis santacruzae. The reasons behind this decline included disease, predation, competition with other species, and genetic bottlenecking. We present an individual-based model that simulates the population of Santa Cruz island foxes. Through our model we provide evidence of the Allee effect in the Santa Cruz island fox population which is exacerbated by selection for reduced reproductive probability.

How to Cite
Scott, Shelby M., Erin N. Bodine, and Anne Yust. 1. “An Agent-Based Model of Santa Cruz Island Foxes (Urocyon Littoralis Santacruzae) Which Exhibits an Allee Effect”. Letters in Biomathematics 1 (1), 97 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1080/23737867.2014.11414473.
Section
Research